Peru Migrants

<Washington, D.C., 26 April 2019 (PAHO/WHO) –The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has published a guidance document on migration and health that suggests five areas of action countries should take top improve the health of migrants and the populations that receive them.

The five areas of action are: strengthening surveillance, information management and monitoring; improving access to health services for the migrant and host populations; improving communication and information exchange to counter xenophobia, stigma and discrimination; strengthening partnerships, networks and multicountry frameworks to understand the status and promote and protect the health of migrants; and adapting policies, programs and legal frameworks to promote and protect the health and well-being of migrants.

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yellow feverIn 2018 PAHO’s Health Emergencies Department and UNICEF’s Office of Innovation joined forces to explore the potential of machine learning to predict areas of yellow fever incidence in the Americas and assess the importance of geographic and environmental factors, employing PAHO’s seminal work and unique datasets. Increasing availability of digital data and development of Machine Learning (ML) techniques, and Artificial Intelligence (AI) in general, has proven extremely useful in understanding patterns of disease and health dynamics in populations. This trend of popular field of research called digital epidemiology uses digital data collected and generated inside and outside the public health system.

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PHE Annual Report 2017 SmallDuring the year 2017, the Latin American and Caribbean Region was affected by three Category 5 hurricanes impacting 19 countries and territories; as well as two earthquakes with a magnitude over 7 that stroke Mexico, severe floods in Peru and Chile, and a landslide in Colombia; all of which reminded us of the destructive capacity of natural disasters. Furthermore, the rapid emergence of the Zika virus affecting 48 countries and territories combined with the outbreak of Yellow Fever in 10 states of Brazil with peri-urban transmission, as well as the re-emergence of epidemic-prone pathogens such as malaria, diphtheria and measles, raised the levels of public health alerts throughout the Region, highlighting challenges in knowledge, research and coordination.

The 2017 Annual Report of the Department of Health Emergencies (PHE) outlines the work and achievements of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in support of its Member States in the area of health emergency risk management and provides a path for moving forward towards a more resilient health sector in the Americas.

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febre amarella small versionIn January 2019, Health Authorities of Brazil have started issuing the International Certificate of Vaccination or Prophylaxis (ICVP) electronically (see Information Note prepared by Brazilian Health Regulatory Agency (ANVISA, Agencia Nacional de Vigilancia Sanitaria)). 

To avoid unnecessary interferences with international travel and trade, Authorities at Points of Entry, airlines and other conveyances operators need to be aware about the change of policy introduced by Brazil.

Yellow fever is the only disease for which vaccination, documented in the ICVP, can be requested as a condition for entry, and/or, where applicable, exit. A single dose of vaccine against yellow fever confers life-long protection against this disease.

Information Note ANVISA Brazil 2019

INGRIDHnotaiconThe impact of disasters is greater in the American hemisphere than anywhere in the world except the Asian continent. Around a quarter (21%) of all disasters occurring in the world between 2008 and 2017 took place in the Region of the Americas, creating 254,334 victims, and causing damage equivalent to approximately US$592 billion. The most common events were water- and weather-related, representing 6% of deaths and 79% of injuries in this period. In addition to hydrological and meteorological events, seismic activity, volcanic eruptions, landslides, and events such as fires and social disturbances, among others, can have major effects on populations, infrastructure, and elements such as health services, which are essential for providing care during and after emergencies and disasters.

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