The Turks and Caicos Islands is a British Overseas Territory located southeast of the Bahamas. An archipelago of approximately 40 islands and cays distributed in two groups (Turks Islands and Caicos Islands), it has a combined land area of 417 km2. The total population was 31,458 in 2012. The population pyramid in 1990 was expansive but has since widened in the intermediate age groups, due in part to the immigration of working-age adults.
Life expectancy at birth in 2015 was 76.9 years in men and 82.6 years in women.
The 2012 census showed substantial internal migration, from South Caicos to Grand Turk and from North Caicos to Providenciales, which is home to 75% of the territory’s residents; between 2001 and 2012, this island saw an 82% increase in population.
(Source: Health in the Americas+, 2017 Edition)