Crystalline silica is one of the most common minerals in the earth's crust. Crystalline silica dust is released during numerous operations in which silica-containing products undergo any process that can create visible or invisible dust particles.  Workers may be exposed to crystalline silica in many different workplaces and processes such as mines, construction sites, and during the making of ceramicss. More on silicosis


PAHO has decided to compile an Asbestos Atlas which will involve gathering information on the use and regulation of asbestos in each of the PAHO countries still using asbestos. For countries that have banned asbestos, we are requesting information from those involved in the banning process. More on Asbestos


The transmission of infectious diseases such as influenza is a major problem that affects both patients as well as health care workers. Health care workers are especially vulnerable to influenza, as they are at the frontline against the spread of emerging and existing infections. More on influenza


As a fundamental part of health systems, health care workers need healthy and safe working conditions and environments to help ensure that patients receive appropriate and timely care. The occupational transmission of infectious diseases among health care workers, such as hepatitis B and influenza, account for significant illness among health care workers and are preventable by vaccination. More on vaccination

research-evidence-150pxEvidence based interventions

Health care workers are at risk of acquiring infectious diseases through exposure at work. Exposure to blood or bodily fluids from infected patients can lead to infection with hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or HIV viruses. These are serious infections that may cause chronic disease or initiate cancer, and eventually lead to death. Approximately two million health care workers across the world experience percutaneous exposure to infectious diseases each year. More on evidence based interventions