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What is Zika?

Zika is a virus transmitted by the Aedes mosquito, which also transmits dengue and chikungunya.

Zika symptoms are:

Mild fever


Headache and joint pain

Skin rash

Onset is usually 2-7 days after the mosquito bite

1 in 4 people with Zika infection develops symptoms

A very small number of people can develop complications after becoming ill with the virus

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How is Zika infection prevented?

To prevent mosquito bites that transmit Zika:

Cover skin with long-sleeve clothing, trousers and hats

Use insect repellent as recommended by health authorities

Sleep protected by mosquito nets

At least once a week, empty, clean, turn over, cover and/or dispose of containers that can hold water, such as tires, buckets and flower pots, both inside and outside of dwellings to eliminate mosquito breeding sites

Use screens or mosquito nets in windows and doors to reduce contact with mosquitoes

Controlling the breeding sites of Aedes mosquitoes reduces the likelihood of transmission of Zika, chikungunya, and dengue.

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Is there a treatment?

There is no vaccine or specific drug against this virus. Only pain and fever can be treated.

Patients with symptoms of Zika infection should:

Get plenty of bed rest

Drink plenty of liquids

Take medicine to relieve fever and pain

Use mosquito nets when napping

Wear clothing that covers arms and legs

If symptoms worsen or complications develop, see a doctor immediately


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