What is Zika?
Zika is a virus transmitted by the Aedes mosquito, which also transmits dengue and chikungunya.
Zika symptoms are:
Headache and joint pain
Onset is usually 2-7 days after the mosquito bite
1 in 4 people with Zika infection develops symptoms
A very small number of people can develop complications after becoming ill with the virus
How is Zika infection prevented?
To prevent mosquito bites that transmit Zika:
Cover skin with long-sleeve clothing, trousers and hats
Use insect repellent as recommended by health authorities
Sleep protected by mosquito nets
At least once a week, empty, clean, turn over, cover and/or dispose of containers that can hold water, such as tires, buckets and flower pots, both inside and outside of dwellings to eliminate mosquito breeding sites
Use screens or mosquito nets in windows and doors to reduce contact with mosquitoes
Controlling the breeding sites of Aedes mosquitoes reduces the likelihood of transmission of Zika, chikungunya, and dengue.
Is there a treatment?
There is no vaccine or specific drug against this virus. Only pain and fever can be treated.
Patients with symptoms of Zika infection should:
Get plenty of bed rest
Drink plenty of liquids
Take medicine to relieve fever and pain
Use mosquito nets when napping
Wear clothing that covers arms and legs
If symptoms worsen or complications develop, see a doctor immediately