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childIn many countries, cancer is the second leading cause of death in children over 1 year of age, exceeded only by accidents.

Fortunately, in recent years a great progress has been made in the treatment of childhood cancer. For example, acute leukemia that 30 years ago was considered inevitably fatal, at present, is the most frequent childhood cancer with a five-year survival exceeding 70%. Significantly, most patients can be cured.

Also, similar advances has been made in treatment of solid tumors; since, methods with radioation therapy, surgery and chemotherapy have been used in combination, long-term survival of childhood cancer has significantly increased.

Kids are different than adults and it is important, in general, to take action to any different sign or symptoms noted. In summary, while pediatric cancer can not be preventable, the goal of early detection can be achieved by health providers who do a comprehensive medical history, good medical exam, and believe in the parents.

Technical publications on childhood cancer

Early Diagnosis of Childhood Cancer

manual EN"Early Diagnosis of Childhood Cancer" is a manual that provides support to primary care personnel, to identify and refer children with cancer in time enough for a chance of cure. There is information about risk factors for childhood cancer, most frequent cancers in children, how to access, classify and treat the possibility of cancer in children. Read more

Supplemental Information on Brain Tumors in Children - Early Diagnosis of Childhood Cancer

supplemental ENG"Supplemental Information on Brain Tumors in Children - Early Diagnosis of Childhood Cancer is a short document as a supplement to the PAHO manual on "Early Diagnosis of Childhood Cancer", which provides information to primary care providers on warning signs for brain tumors in children. Also, to improve the ability to suspect brain tumors in children, it brings the acronym "LOW OR PAY" as a mnemonic to "think LOW-grade glioma, OR patient will PAY the price''.

Events and activities

Childhood Cancer Working Group

PAHO, together with UICC, governments, and academia convene to discuss strategies to reduce inequities and increase access to childhood cancer care in Latin America and the Caribbean. Improving access to care for children with cancer and reducing the inequities associated with outcomes for children with cancer in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) is the main goal of PAHO's Childhood Cancer Working Group. The group, formed in 2017 on the heals of a policy dialogue by the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC), gathered the leading pediatric oncologists from public health institutions in LAC, as well as representatives from Canada's Hospital for Sick Children, the University of Chile, the University of West Indies and UICC.

– Health System Strengthening for Childhood Cancer in the Caribbean: February, 2020

– Regional experts on childhood cancer join forces to reduce inequities and increase access to care; Feb, 2017


Advocacy materials


(Available only in Spanish)

Día Internacional del Cáncer Infantil - Este 15 de febrero, ¡píntate de dorado!

Síntomas y Señales de Alerta para detectar el Cáncer Infantil

Fundación Nuestros Hijos - Chile

Social media cards

Click on the images to open and download it in English


WHO childhood cancer ENG


WHO childhood cancer ENG2


WHO ChildhoodCancer ENG 3 small