Neuropsychiatric disorders are major contributors to morbidity, disability, injury, premature mortality, and and increased risk factor for other health conditions. They are by far the largest source of disability in the Americas, accounting for 19% of Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) and 34% of Years Lived with Disability (YLDs). Across all conditions, depression is the leading cause of disability responsible for 8% of YLDs. The treatment gap goes up to 73.5% among adults with severe/moderate disorders and 82.2% among children and adolescents; historical analyses suggest little change during the past 10 years and possibly an increased estimate for Latin America. Suicide is a grave possible outcome of mental illness with a mortality rate of 7.3 per 100,000 and a clear gender imbalance. Woman are more likely to attempt suicide and man more likely to suicide. Epilepsy is one of the most frequent chronic neurological disorders, affecting 5 million people and accounting for an annual death rate of 1.04 per 100,000 population. Dementia is a growing concern for the Region. Latin America and the Caribbean show the highest rates worldwide with a 12-month prevalence of 8.5% among elderly people and a projected rise with more people reaching an advanced age.
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