Uncorrected refractive errors in school children

Good vision is vitally important in education, screening at school age is recommended. Studies on the prevalence of refractive errors in school age children (5-15 years of age) show that the magnitude of the problem varies among ethnic groups. A study in Chile revealed that more than 7% of children could benefit from the provision of proper spectacles.

The incidence of myopia is higher in the 11-15 age groups; this is the highest priority although in countries where there is evidence that younger children have a high prevalence of refractive errors and resources are available these children should be screened.

What needs to be done?

  • Elaborate regional principles in refractive errors programs.
  • Develop and follow national refractive errors programs