ONCHOCERCIASIS: THE LAST CHALLENGE

Onchocerciasis figures in the Americas

Source: PAHO Data and Statistics Program. 2018


 
FOCI ELIMINATED IN THE AMERICAS
 
COUNTRIES OF THE AMERICAS AT RISK
 
PEOPLE WITH PREVENTIVE CHEMOTHERAPY IN THE AMERICAS
 
PEOPLE INFECTED IN THE WORLD
 
PEOPLE HAVE LOST SIGHT GLOBALLY

Success in the Americas

Guatemala is the fourth country in the world to eliminate onchocerciasis, known as 'river blindness'

Washington, DC, September 26th 2016 (PAHO/WHO) -- Following efforts that spanned more than two decades, Guatemala has become the fourth country in the Americas and the world to be declared free of onchocerciasis (river blindness), a disease that can cause blindness and disability and that primarily affects people living in poverty.

WHO verifies Mexico free of onchocerciasis

14 October 2015 | Geneva -- Mexico has become the third country in the world to be declared free of onchocerciasis, a parasitic disease that mainly affects poor people in rural areas. The announcement came days before the 2015 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine was awarded to two researchers for their discovery of ivermectin, the mainstay of treatment for onchocerciasis (also known as river blindness).

PAHO and The Carter Center congratulate Ecuador as second in the Americas to achieve elimination of onchocerciasis (river blindness)

Washington, D.C., September 29th 2014 (PAHO/WHO) -- The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and The Carter Center congratulated Ecuadorian President Rafael Correa and the people of Ecuador for their country becoming the second in the world to achieve elimination of onchocerciasis (river blindness), as verified by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Colombia, First Country in the Americas to Eliminate River Blindness

Bogota, Colombia, November 16th 2011 (PAHO/WHO) -- Colombia has become the first country in the Western Hemisphere to eliminate onchocerciasis (also known as river blindness) within its national borders, according to an announcement made by Colombian health authorities at the 21st Inter-American Conference on Onchocerciasis in Bogota last week.

  

Elimination Initiatives

 
 

Mandates and Resolutions

Collection of guiding documents.

Resolution WHA47.32 - Fight against onchocerciasis by distributing ivermectin

In 1994, the World Health Assembly adopted Resolution WHA47.32 that promoted the strategy of massive distribution of ivermectin to fight onchocerciasis, as well as the development and dissemination of epidemiological methods for the evaluation and / or mapping of the disease in endemic countries.

Resolution WHA56.26 - Elimination of avoidable blindness

Resolution adopted in 2003 whose objectives are to eliminate new cases of blindness and avoidable visual disability, including morbidity caused by onchocerciasis.

Resolution WHA59.25 - Prevention of avoidable blindness and visual impairment

Resolution adopted in 2005 whose objectives are to eliminate new cases of blindness and avoidable visual disability, including morbidity caused by onchocerciasis.

Resolution WHA62.1 - Prevention of avoidable blindness and visual impairment

Resolution adopted in 2009 whose objectives are to eliminate new cases of blindness and avoidable visual disability, including morbidity caused by onchocerciasis.

Resolution CD48.R12 - Towards the Elimination of Onchocerciasis (River Blindness) in the Americas

In 2008, the Directing Council of PAHO / WHO approved Resolution CD48.R12, which established the objective of eliminating onchocerciasis by 2012.

Resolution CD49.R19 - Elimination of Neglected Diseases and Other Poverty Related Infections

These goals were ratified through Resolution CD49.R19 of 2009 that covers all neglected infectious diseases.

Resolution AG / RES.2810 (XLIII-O / 13) - Elimination of Neglected Diseases and other Poverty-Related Infections

In 2013, the Organization of American States (OAS) approved Resolution AG / RES. 2810 (XLIII-O / 13) endorsing the provisions of Resolution CD49.R19 of PAHO / WHO.

Resolution WHA62.12 - Neglected tropical diseases

In 2013, the World Health Assembly adopted Resolution WHA62.12 urging Member States to implement interventions to control neglected tropical diseases (including onchocerciasis) and achieve the goals set out in the road map for these diseases. The OMS.

Resolution CD55.R9

In 2016, the Directing Council of PAHO / WHO approved Resolution CD55.R9 with the objective of implementing a plan for the elimination of neglected infectious diseases, including onchocerciasis, in areas where transmission still persists.

Picture Gallery

Yanomamis Indigenous - Brazil, Venezuela

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