The world's oldest public health organization, the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) has a crucial role to play in assisting countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) respond to HIV. PAHO's efforts in the HIV area of work are organized around five strategic priorities:
1. Strategic information;
2. Health sector planning;
3. Treatment scale up;
4. Comprehensive services for most-at-risk populations; and
5. Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV and congenital syphilis.
As this report details, countries in the region have made important progress in each of these areas during 2008-09, with ongoing assistance from PAHO.