This page has been archived and is no longer updated. We apologize for the inconvenience. To find similar material or an updated version of the page, please visit one the following resources:
Health Topics || Country Sites || News Releases || Our New Homepage

Esta página ha sido archivada y ya no es actualizada. Pedimos disculpas por la molestia. Para encontrar material similar o una versión actualizada de la página, visite uno de los siguientes recursos:
Temas de salud || Sitios de países || Comunicados de prensa || Nuestra nueva página de inicio

PAHO/WHO wants to inspire Cochrane reviewers to address key public health and health systems research questions through the development of systematic reviews that provide helpful conclusions, have robust methods, and address topics deemed as a priority to the governments of the Americas. The following prizes recognize systematic reviews and protocols relevant to the Health Agenda for the Americas 2008-2017. Congratulations to all awardees of this prize.


Reunião de Seguimento à 1a Conferência Latino-Americana de Pesquisa e Inovação para a Saúde

O Comitê Executivo * da "Reunião de Seguimento à 1a Conferência Latino-Americana de Pesquisa e Inovação para a Saúde" apresenta o Relatório final da referida reunião de Seguimento celebrada em Havana, Cuba, nos dias 15 e 16 de novembro de 2009, durante o marco do Fórum 2009.

   

O Relatório ajudará os interessados, pelo desenvolvimento dos sistemas nacionais de pesquisa para a saúde (SNIS) na Região, a entender a opinião de diferentes atores sobre as particularidades e recomendações a serem consideradas no modelo, desenvolvimento e/ou fortalecimento dos SNIS refletindo as contribuições dos diversos participantes, que incluem desde pesquisadores e acadêmicos a funcionários de entidades oficiais, de fundações e de organismos da sociedade civil. Além disso, o relatório também nos informa acerca dos desenvolvimentos da conferência do Rio de Janeiro e fornece um resumo das apresentações realizadas durante a reunião e os debates dos participantes sobre os 4 temas da Reunião selecionados mediante uma pesquisa anterior à mesma:

a) Fortalecimento dos SNIS na região
b) Recursos humanos para a pesquisa em saúde
c) Financiamento em pesquisa em saúde, e
d) Transferência e tradução do conhecimento

Convidamos-lhe a ler o documento e a compartilhá-lo com seus colegas.

Ao mesmo tempo, convidamos-lhe a  assistir ao video <http://twt.tl/tF9i9Fz > da apresentação da  Dra. Jackie Alger (Honduras) sobre o trabalho a respeito da  situação  dos SNIS em 14 países da região , o qual foi  uma  das apresentações na reunião.

* O `Comitê Executivo` esteve  formado por: Adolfo Álvarez Bravo (qepd) (Ministério da Saúde, Cuba), Francisco Becerra-Posada (COHRED), Luis Gabriel Cuervo (OPAS/OMS), Sylvia de Haan (COHRED), Charles Gardner (Fórum Global), Moisés Goldbaum (Universidade de São Paulo, Brasil), ExCo: Michel Jimenez (The Wellcome Trust), Gabriela Montorzi (COHRED), Sylvie Olifson-Houriet (Fórum Global), Norka Ruiz-Bravo (OPAS/OMS).

 




Data Collection and Analysis: Successes and Challenges

Guiding questions:

  • Do you have the data that you need to make informed decisions about the interventions you are planning or have done?
  • What data do you have? What data do you need?
  • In an ideal world, what kind of data system would you like to have?
  • How would you access the data?
  • What are the current barriers?
  • We will also shed light on ways to access data, visual forms of data and the concrete outcomes and impacts of data (cf. Gapminder).

Report:

Three basic factors for establishing a good data base (BD) and to enhance interoperability of data bases

  • 1) Structure: Define fields and subfields
  • 2) Outcomes: what should do we expect from such as data base/ search engines
  • 3) Definition of structured vocabulary

Develop a strategy

  • 1) Produce evidence: Collect binary data to produce evidence taking into account) differences (gender, age, ethnic group)
  • 2) Develop tools to better present and use data, use guides to use this data and to make gender-based analysis.
  • 3) Need to define research targets based on these assumptions
  • 4) Take into account the involvement of different sectors, including civil society and academia.

Institutionalize this process

  • Difficulty to integrate different databases due to the lack of basic indicators (such difficulty was encountered during the influenza pandemic in Mexico). 
  • Data validation and internal consistency: It is important to acknowledge that incomplete and unreliable data exist within databases.
  • Need for more transparency in databases which is expensive and time-consuming.
  • It would be useful to establish an institutionalized database for health, available for all different sectors.
  • In 1995, the Regional Core Health Data and Country Profile Initiative was launched by PAHO to monitor the attainment of health goals and compliance with the mandates of the Member States, in addition to ensuring the availability of a basic set of data to be collected annually that would make it possible to characterize the health situation and trends in the countries of the Region of the Americas. However, external data is still being referred to when issuing papers or recommendations, including some that are inconsistent with the Regional Core Health Data and Country Profile Initiative.

Research based on curiosity vs. research based on need

  • Data bases need should respond to necessities. Research in PAHO is often based on data from external sources (such as UNICEF for child mortality)
  • It would be useful to publish a Regional Mortality Data Base to 'explore' existing data and discuss its institutional value — not to satisfy 'personal' research interests but rather to systematically keep records of health status and to institutionally define priorities of technical cooperation. This relates to the question of decision-making processes. Do we really make informed decisions? Do we use data to make decisions?
  • Evaluate the countries' willingness to share their data: Is this data reliable?